The duties of the Constable in the state of New Jersey derive from the English Common Law brought to America by the first English settlers in the American Colonies. Since the incorporation of this State many of the duties with respect' to the peace-keeping function have been formalized through law. Some of these functions have remained formally updated, such as Arrest On View in any City, County, townships or borough. Nevertheless, they are integral to the peace-keeping function and are exercised accordingly. In any case, all police powers in the State originate and derive from the powers of Constables. The Constable is a peace officer and it is his duty to keep the peace and to perform all duties attending the maintenance of peace and civil order.
- The constable is required to investigate any complaint referred to him by the Court of Quarter Sessions within his district. Thereafter he must make a report to the Court of the results of his investigation.
- Constables have the power to arrest on view and without warrant any person who is in breach of the peace, engages in disorderly conduct or engages in an unlawful act which tends to imperil the personal security or property of any citizen.
- The Constable is required by law to execute in a prescribed manner any warrant or summons directed to him by his District Justice, or when it is determined that he is the "next nearest" constable to a District Justice outside of his own municipality.
- The Constable must collect any fines or penalties imposed for violations of the law, after a proper writ is drawn and given to the constable for execution.
- Constables are required to attend the court of Quarter Sessions for a period of not more than one week, when so ordered by the Judges of that court.
- A Constable in every city, county, borough, township, or ward must be present at the polling place within his jurisdiction on days, during which municipal elections are being held. He must remain at the polling place continuously while the polling place is open, and while the' votes are being counted. The constable must assist any commissioner or inspector of registration in maintaining the peace at polling places on request of these authorities.
- The Constable may exercise all of the functions in his district as are exercised by the sheriff or coroner within their own jurisdiction.
- Penalties: The Constable is liable to fine or other penalties determined by the appropriate courts for failure to perform or to perform adequately, the duties he/she is required to perform by law.
- The Constable can administer traffic in line traffic citations anywhere within his municipality which is the County of which is appointed.
- The Constable can deliver an execute subpoenas, writs, warrants, criminal and civil.
- The Constable can transport prisoners and other defendants, from any city, town, borough, township. Within his/her municipality. ( His/her municipality is the County of which he/she are appointed ).
- The Constable is always prepared to assist the Essex County executor / commissioner office, with posting delinquent tax notices and as needed.
- The Constable can hire themselves out to any licensed attorney here or outside of the state of New Jersey. As long as the out-of-state attorney contacts the appropriate Constable in the appropriate County. To serve subpoenas divorce papers civil complaints domestic family relations.
- The Constable can hire themselves out to any duly licensed private investigator / security company as a peace officer / Constable. Constable's can do security work, but they cannot hire themselves out to an individual owner of an establishment, building, construction sites, etc. etc. to do security work. If a Constable is found to be doing security, in or out of uniform anywhere within the state of new jersey. Without first being hired by a duly licensed private investigator / security company, or having obtained a private detective licensed, a security company license from the superintendent of The new jersey state police or a direct employee of any private citizen and / or company. Would be in violation of the private detective act of 1939. N.J.S.A. 45:19-8 et seq.
- Constables are not authorize to use any other form of identification other than that issued from their perspective municipalities.
- In all, a constables main function is to uphold the Constitution of the United States, the Constitution of the State of New Jersey, serve and protect the citizens civil and constitutional rights.
PEACE OFFICERS OF THE WORLD - TO PROTECT AND SERVE